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Monitoring targets and indicators for the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases in Korea
Soon Young Lee
Epidemiol Health. 2015;37:e2015023.   Published online May 4, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2015023
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  • 180 Download
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Abstract
In order to respond to the increasing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) worldwide, the World Health Organization developed the global action plan (GAP), which included nine targets and 25 indicators to monitor the targets. Owing to space constraints, the article reviewed the status of 17 indicators for seven targets out of nine targets in the GAP in Korea. Most of these 17 indicators required additional analysis with existing national data to evaluate the status in Korea. Based on the result from evaluating indicators, the current NCD policy strategy and resources in Korea seemed unlikely to reach the GAP goals, unless innovative policy changes was planned to reduce NCD risk factors particularly focusing on smoking, excessive drinking, and insufficient physical activity.
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Effect of co-morbidities on disease course in human immunodeficiency virus-infected illicit drug users in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy
Venkataramana Kandi
Epidemiol Health. 2015;37:e2015008.   Published online February 18, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2015008
  • 13,755 View
  • 133 Download
  • 1 Citations
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  • Hepatitis C Viral Infection Among Beta-Thalassemia Patients: A Study From the Centre for Excellence in Thalassemia and Other Blood Disorders
    Venkataramana Kandi, Sravani Reddy Vinjamuri, Bhanu Pravallika Tanikella
    Cureus.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
Suggestions for establishing a sustainable risk communication platform for carcinogenic factors
Keeho Park, Yong-Chan Kim, Youngho Kim, Meeyoung Cha, Woon Heui Han, Dae-Kyu Oh
Epidemiol Health. 2014;36:e2014034.   Published online December 9, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2014034
  • 13,263 View
  • 106 Download
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no abstract due to Editorial
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Methodological issues in estimating sodium intake in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Hyun Ja Kim, Kyungwon Oh
Epidemiol Health. 2014;36:e2014033.   Published online November 28, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2014033
  • 14,851 View
  • 172 Download
  • 10 Citations
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Abstract
For policy goal setting, efficacy evaluations, and the development of related programs for reducing sodium intake, it is essential to accurately identify the amount of sodium intake in South Korea and constantly monitor its trends. The present study aimed to identify the status of sodium intake in South Korea and to review the methods and their validity for estimating sodium intake in each country; through this, we aim to determine more accurate methods for determining sodium intake and to monitor the trend in sodium intake for Korean citizens in the future. Using 24-hour dietary recall data from the 2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) to estimate daily sodium intake, the average daily sodium intake among Koreans was 4,546 mg (men, 5,212 mg; women, 3,868 mg). In addition to the nutrition survey that uses the 24-hour dietary recall method, sodium intake can also be calculated from the amount of sodium excreted in 24-hour urine, 8-hour overnight urine, and spot urine samples. Although KNHANES uses the 24-hour dietary recall method to estimate the sodium intake, the 24-hour dietary recall method has the disadvantage of not being able to accurately determine the amount of sodium intake owing to its unique characteristics of the research method and in the processing of data. Although measuring the amount of sodium excreted in 24-hour urine is known to be the most accurate method, because collecting 24-hour urine from the general population is difficult, using spot urine samples to estimate sodium intake has been suggested to be useful for examining the trend of sodium intake in the general population. Therefore, we planned to conduct a study for estimating of 24-hour sodium excretion from spot urine and 8-hour overnight urine samples and testing the validity among subsamples in the KNHANES. Based on this result, we will adopt the most appropriate urine collection method for estimating population sodium intake in South Korea.
Summary
Korean summary
이 연구에서는 나트륨 섭취량 조사방법과 각 조사방법의 타당성을 고찰하여 나트륨 섭취량과 추이를 보다 정확하게 파악할 수 있는 방법을 모색해보고자 하였다. 국민건강영양조사에서는 24시간 회상법을 이용하여 우리나라 국민의 나트륨 섭취량을 산출하고 있으나, 정확성과 추이 비교에 제한점을 가지므로 소변을 이용하여 나트륨 섭취량을 추정하는 방법에 대한 검토가 필요하다. 이에, 국민건강영양조사의 일부 대상자에서 단회뇨, 야간뇨, 24시간 소변을 수집∙이용하여 24시간 소변 나트륨 배설량을 추정하는 식을 개발하고 그 타당도를 검증하는 연구를 수행하여 가장 적절한 소변 수집 방법을 국민건강영양조사에 도입할 계획이다.
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  • The Intake of Ultra-Processed Foods and Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease: The Health Examinees Study
    Anthony Kityo, Sang-Ah Lee
    Nutrients.2022; 14(17): 3548.     CrossRef
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    Kwang-Pil Ko
    Journal of the Korean Medical Association.2019; 62(8): 398.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Hypertension in Korea
    Si-Hyuck Kang, Sun-Hwa Kim, Jun Hwan Cho, Chang-Hwan Yoon, Seung-Sik Hwang, Hae-Young Lee, Tae-Jin Youn, In-Ho Chae, Cheol-Ho Kim
    Scientific Reports.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Sodium and Potassium Intake from Food Diaries and 24-h Urine Collections from 7 Days in a Sample of Healthy Greek Adults
    Adelais Athanasatou, Aikaterini Kandyliari, Olga Malisova, Alex Pepa, Maria Kapsokefalou
    Frontiers in Nutrition.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • High sodium intake and sodium to potassium ratio may be linked to subsequent increase in vascular damage in adults aged 40 years and older: the Korean multi-rural communities cohort (MRCohort)
    Sukyoung Jung, Mi Kyung Kim, Jinho Shin, Bo Youl Choi, Young-Hoon Lee, Dong Hoon Shin, Min-Ho Shin
    European Journal of Nutrition.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Sodium Intake Estimated from Spot Urine Samples and the Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Young Gyu Cho
    Korean Journal of Family Medicine.2017; 38(4): 171.     CrossRef
  • Stomach Cancer Disparity among Korean Americans by Tumor Characteristics: Comparison with Non-Hispanic Whites, Japanese Americans, South Koreans, and Japanese
    Eunjung Lee, Lihua Liu, Juanjuan Zhang, Mariana C. Stern, Afsaneh Barzi, Amie Hwang, Andre E. Kim, Ann S. Hamilton, Anna H. Wu, Dennis Deapen
    Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.2017; 26(4): 587.     CrossRef
  • Salt Intakes, Knowledge, and Behavior in Samoa: Monitoring Salt‐Consumption Patterns Through the World Health Organization's Surveillance of Noncommunicable Disease Risk Factors ( STEPS )
    Jacqui Webster, Sarah Asi Faletoese Su'a, Merina Ieremia, Severine Bompoint, Claire Johnson, Gavin Faeamani, Miraneta Vaiaso, Wendy Snowdon, Mary‐Anne Land, Kathy Trieu, Satu Viali, Marj Moodie, Colin Bell, Bruce Neal, Mark Woodward
    The Journal of Clinical Hypertension.2016; 18(9): 884.     CrossRef
  • Factors Associated With High Sodium Intake Based on Estimated 24-Hour Urinary Sodium Excretion
    Jae Won Hong, Jung Hyun Noh, Dong-Jun Kim
    Medicine.2016; 95(9): e2864.     CrossRef
  • The Use and Interpretation of Sodium Concentrations in Casual (Spot) Urine Collections for Population Surveillance and Partitioning of Dietary Iodine Intake Sources
    Joel Conkle, Frits van der Haar
    Nutrients.2016; 9(1): 7.     CrossRef
Korean translation of the CONSORT 2010 Statement: updated guidelines for reporting parallel group randomized trials
Jun Suh Lee, Soyeon Ahn, Kyoung Ho Lee, Jee Hyun Kim
Epidemiol Health. 2014;36:e2014029.   Published online November 8, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2014029
  • 16,490 View
  • 330 Download
  • 15 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Abstract
The Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) 2010 Statement, updated in March 2010, includes a 25-item checklist and flow diagram. Adherence to this statement is a minimum requirement for the complete, clear, and transparent reporting of randomized trials. We translated the CONSORT 2010 Statement into Korean to promote the widespread adherence to CONSORT in South Korea and to facilitate the adoption of complete, clear, and transparent reporting. The Korean version of the CONSORT is available at http://www.e-epih.org/.
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    Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine.2020; 26(8): 617.     CrossRef
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    Negar Salimi, Jolanta Aleksejūnienė, Edwin H.K. Yen, Angelina Y.C. Loo
    Annals of Plastic Surgery.2017; 78(1): 91.     CrossRef
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    Zhi-xin Yang, Jia-hong Xie, Ding-ding Liu
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    R Rössler, L Donath, M Bizzini, O Faude
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    Transfusion.2016; 56(4): 789.     CrossRef
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    Laurence Weinberg, Jeremy Broad, Param Pillai, Guangjun Chen, Micheline Nguyen, Glenn M. Eastwood, Nick Scurrah, Mehrdad Nikfarjam, David Story, Larry McNicol, Rinaldo Bellomo
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    Trials.2015;[Epub]     CrossRef
What do we really fear? The epidemiological characteristics of Ebola and our preparedness
Moran Ki
Epidemiol Health. 2014;36:e2014014.   Published online August 18, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2014014
  • 22,397 View
  • 196 Download
  • 15 Citations
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Abstract
Ebola virus disease (hereafter Ebola) has a high fatality rate; currently lacks a treatment or vaccine with proven safety and efficacy, and thus many people fear this infection. As of August 13, 2014, 2,127 patients across four West African countries have been infected with the Ebola virus over the past nine months. Among these patients, approximately 1 in 2 has subsequently died from the disease. In response, the World Health Organization has declared the Ebola outbreak in West Africa to be a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. However, Ebola is only transmitted by patients who already present symptoms of the disease, and infection only occurs upon direct contact with the blood or body fluids of an Ebola patient. Consequently, transmission of the outbreak can be contained through careful monitoring for fever among persons who have visited, or come into contact with persons from, the site of the outbreak. Thus, patients suspected of presenting symptoms characteristic of Ebola should be quarantined. To date, South Korea is not equipped with the special containment clinical units and biosafety level 4 facilities required to contain the outbreak of a fatal virus disease, such as Ebola. Therefore, it is necessary for South Korea to make strategies to the outbreak by using present facilities as quickly as possible. It is also imperative that the government establish suitable communication with its citizens to prevent the spread of uninformed fear and anxiety regarding the Ebola outbreak.
Summary
Korean summary
에볼라 바이러스병은 치명률이 높고 효과와 안전성을 모두 검증받은 치료제나 백신이 없어 많은 사람들이 두려워하고 있는 질환이다. 이번에 서아프리카에서 9개월째 지속된 유행으로 8월 13일까지 4개국에서 2127명의 환자가 발생하였고 1145명이 사망하여 2명중 1명꼴인 높은 치명률을 보이고 있다. 이에 WHO에서는 국제보건긴급상황을 선포하였다. 하지만 에볼라 바이러스는 증상이 나타난 이후에 전염되며 환자의 혈액이나 체액에 접촉한 경우에만 감염이 된다. 따라서 유행지역을 방문하였거나 접촉한 사람을 대상으로 발열감시와 함께 환자 격리를 철저히 시행한다면 유행 전파를 막을 수 있다. 한국은 아직 에볼라 바이러스와 같은 질환에 적합한 격리병상이나 실험실 안전 4등급 시설이 없다. 이에 대한 대비를 빠른 시간에 마련하여 대응하는 것이 필요하며, 국민과의 소통을 통해서 막연한 불안과 두려움을 예방하는 것이 무엇보다 중요하다.
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WHO Western Pacific regional action plan for the prevention and control of NCDs (2014-2020)
Hai-Rim Shin, Cherian Varghese
Epidemiol Health. 2014;36:e2014007.   Published online July 22, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2014007
  • 17,672 View
  • 156 Download
  • 6 Citations
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    Soon Young Lee
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The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES): current status and challenges
Yuna Kim
Epidemiol Health. 2014;36:e2014002.   Published online April 30, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2014002
  • 21,842 View
  • 278 Download
  • 140 Citations
AbstractSummary PDF
Abstract
Summary
Korean summary
국민건강영양조사는 우리나라 국민의 건강과 영양 수준을 파악하기 위한 가장 대표적인 조사체계이다. 1998년에 도입되어 설문조사, 신체계측, 임상검사, 영양조사가 결합된 광범위한 자료를 수집하고 있으며, 2007년 연중지속조사로 개편된 이후 매년 원시자료를 일반 국민에게 공개하고 있다. 향후 국민건강영양조사가 국민건강향상이라는 궁극의 목표에 지속적으로 기여할 수 있기 위해서는 취약한 하부인구집단에 대한 충분한 표본 수 확보, 단면조사의 한계를 보완할 수 있는 추적조사 기반 마련, 비참여자의 특성 파악과 통계적 영향을 분석하기 위한 방법론 개발 등이 이루어져야 하며 그에 상응하는 국가적 투자와 지원이 필요하다.
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    Korean Journal of Ophthalmology.2017; 31(1): 58.     CrossRef
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    Eye.2017; 31(7): 1060.     CrossRef
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    PLOS ONE.2017; 12(3): e0174567.     CrossRef
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    Journal of Clinical Periodontology.2017; 44(5): 490.     CrossRef
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    Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research.2017; 9(4): 329.     CrossRef
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    International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health.2017; 220(6): 998.     CrossRef
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    Kye-Yeung Park, Hoon-Ki Park, Hwan-sik Hwang
    Public Health Nutrition.2017; 20(12): 2192.     CrossRef
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    Proceedings of the Nutrition Society.2017; 76(4): 549.     CrossRef
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    Public Health Nutrition.2016; 19(6): 1112.     CrossRef
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Greetings from the editor-in-chief
Moran Ki
Epidemiol Health. 2014;36:e2014001.   Published online April 30, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2014001
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한국역학회지 창간 35주년이 되는 뜻깊은 해에 새로이 편집장을 맡게 되어 인사드립니다. 올해 우리 학회지는 국제학술지로서의 위치를 공고히 하고자 몇가지 변화를 도입하였습니다. 한글 논문도 받기로 하였고, 영문 번역을 포함하여 논문 출판시 저자의 금전전 부담이 전혀 없도록 하였으며, 코호트 프로파일, 데이터 프로파일 등의 연구 설계 논문도 게재하기로 하였습니다. 또한 온라인 논문 투고 시스템을 도입하였고, 창간호부터 현재까지의 역학회지 전체를 업로드 하였습니다. epiH는 여러분의 소중한 논문이 전세계 독자들에게 빠르게 읽히고 인용될 수 있도록 항상 최선을 다할 것입니다. 적극적인 참여 부탁드립니다.
Key Message
Comments on Jo and Colleagues' Paper (2010) "Association of Subway Driver's Depressive Symptoms and Experience of Work-Related Problems"
Jae-Min Kim
Epidemiol Health. 2011;33:e2011002.   Published online April 25, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2011002
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What Should be Taken into Consideration for a Meta-Analysis of Green Tea Consumption and Stomach Cancer Risk?
Jeongseon Kim
Epidemiol Health. 2010;32:e2010012.   Published online December 31, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2010012
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Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Prospective cohort study of tea consumption and risk of digestive system cancers: results from the Shanghai Women's Health Study
    Sarah Nechuta, Xiao-Ou Shu, Hong-Lan Li, Gong Yang, Bu-Tian Ji, Yong-Bing Xiang, Hui Cai, Wong-Ho Chow, Yu-Tang Gao, Wei Zheng
    The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.2012; 96(5): 1056.     CrossRef
Welcome to Epidemiology and Health
Bo Youl Choi
Epidemiol Health. 2009;31:e2009001.   Published online October 29, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2009001
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The Korean Society of Epidemiology publishes a scholarly journal titled 'Korean Journal of Epidemiology', which announces and discusses the results of epidemiological studies from the past 30 yr. Since its first publication in 1979, the journal has contributed to the advancement of epidemiology as well as the prevention and control of disease, and the promotion of health in Korea.

In 2009, the editorial board has decided to publish the journal in English to contribute internationally, and change the journal's name. The new name of the journal is 'Epidemiology and Health'.

The abstract and full text of articles will be published as an open access online journal, which will be posted onto the homepage (http://www.e-epih.org/) in real time for anyone in the world to access free of charge. Our editorial policy is that 'Epidemiology and Health' is open to every researcher in fields related to epidemiology, regardless of membership, his or her major and nationality.

Editorials, lectures, review papers, original articles, epidemic and case investigations, brief communications and letters will be published to generate active discussion through the journal along with the publication of the papers.

'Epidemiology and Health' welcomes articles from various fields of epidemiology, such as 1) infectious diseases epidemiology, 2) chronic diseases epidemiology, 3) nutritional epidemiology, 4) clinical epidemiology, 5) pharmacoepidemiology, 6) genetic or molecular epidemiology, 7) social epidemiology, 8) environmental or occupational epidemiology, 9) epidemiological methods and biostatistics, 10) disease prevention and control, 11) health promotion and, 12) all other fields related to epidemiology.

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Global density of AIDS patient per one million population by continent and country as of August 31, 1988
Joung Soon Kim
Korean J Epidemiol. 1988;10(2):157-163.
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AIDS has become a pandemic ever since the initial recognition in 1981, and experts state the pandemic is still in its early stages difficult to gauge, but appearently threateming global health. This paper is prepared in order to provide with correct information on the global distribution of AIDS patient by means of AIDS patient density (cumulative AIDS pts per unit of population) in determining global rank of AIDS occurrence. The conventional way of expressing rank with the absolute number of AIDS patients would not be as useful as the density presentation in terms of epidemiological understanding of the pandemic. The materials utilized are WHO Weekly Epidemiological Record: AIDS Data As At August 31, 1988 and 1986 population data in WHO Annual Statistics, 1987. Summarized results are as followings: 1. One hundred forty countries(78.7%) out of 178 countries, which informed the presence or absence of AIDS patient to WHO reported to have AIDS patients; the percent of countries having AIDS patients among countries informed to the WHO was 93.3% in European continent, 90.9% in American continent, 86.5% in African, 57.9% in Asian and 35.7% in Oceanian. Number of total AIDS patient per million of the population for each continent were 119 patients in American, 41 in Oceanian, 26 in African, 19 in European and 0.1 in Asian continent. Geobal average/million was 23 patients. 2. AIDS patient Density(per million population) by country ranged from 0 to 1345 pateints; in African continent there were six countries where the number of AIDS patient per million was over one hundred-Congo(700), Brundi(290), Uganda(250), Central African Republic(164), Rwanda(157) and Zambia(144); in American continent smaller resort areas with fewer population had higher AIDS density, and there were 9 countries with more than 100 AIDS patients/million population-French Quiana(1345), Bahamas(803), Bermuda(339), U.S.A. (297), Guadeloupe(220), Barbados(217), Haiti(203), Trinidad & Tobago(189) and Mortinigue(116); in Asian continent only one country, Qatar of which population is 335 thousands had 100 patients/105; in Europe continent, there was no single country with more the 100 AIDS patients/million population and the density was rather homogeneous ranging from 13~79 AIDS patients/106; in Oceaneon countries, 25~59 patients/million. 3. Global rank for AIDS density was entirely different from the rank based on absolute number of AIDS patients. The rank for first top ten is in order of Congo, U.S., Brundi, Uganda, Haiti, Trimidad & Tobago, Central African Republic, Rwanda and Kenya among countris with more than one million population. On the other hand the top ten country by the absolute number of AIDS patient was U.S., France, Uganda, Bragil, Germany F.R., Italy, Kenya, Canada, U.K., and Tanzania. 4. In Korea six AIDS patients and 30 HIV infected persons have been officially reported currently. When the 1(AIDS patient): 50~100(HIV infected) ratio is projected, 300~600 HIV infected persons are estimated, implying that only one tenth of them has been detected and reported.
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Epidemiol Health : Epidemiology and Health